Working with Multiple Marten Databases in One Application

Marten V5 dropped last week. I covered the new “database per tenant” strategy for multi-tenancy in my previous blog post. Closely related to that feature is the ability to register and work with multiple Marten databases from a single .Net system, and that’s what I want to talk about today.

Let’s say that for whatever reason (but you know there’s some legacy in there somehow), our application is mostly persisted in its own Marten database, but also needs to interact with a completely separate “Invoicing” database on a different database server and having a completely different configuration. With Marten V5 we can register an additional Marten database by first writing a marker interface for that other database:

    // These marker interfaces *must* be public
    public interface IInvoicingStore : IDocumentStore
    {

    }

And now we can register and configure a completely separate Marten database in our .Net system with the AddMartenStore<T>() usage shown below:

using var host = Host.CreateDefaultBuilder()
    .ConfigureServices(services =>
    {
        // You can still use AddMarten() for the main document store
        // of this application
        services.AddMarten("some connection string");

        services.AddMartenStore<IInvoicingStore>(opts =>
            {
                // All the normal options are available here
                opts.Connection("different connection string");

                // more configuration
            })
            // Optionally apply all database schema
            // changes on startup
            .ApplyAllDatabaseChangesOnStartup()

            // Run the async daemon for this database
            .AddAsyncDaemon(DaemonMode.HotCold)

            // Use IInitialData
            .InitializeWith(new DefaultDataSet())

            // Use the V5 optimized artifact workflow
            // with the separate store as well
            .OptimizeArtifactWorkflow();
    }).StartAsync();

So here’s a few things to talk about from that admittedly busy code sample above:

  1. The IInvoicingStore will be registered in your underlying IoC container with singleton scoping. Marten is quietly making a concrete implementation of your interface for you, similar to how Refit works if you’re familiar with that library.
  2. We don’t yet have a way to register a matching IDocumentSession or IQuerySession type to go with the separate document store. I think my though on that is to wait until folks ask for that.
  3. The separate store could happily connect to the same database with a different database schema or connect to a completely different database server altogether
  4. You are able to separately apply all detected database changes on startup
  5. The async daemon can be enabled completely independently for the separate document store
  6. The IInitialData model can be used in isolation with the separate document store for baseline data
  7. The new V5 “optimized artifact workflow” model can be enabled explicitly on each separate document store. This will be the subject of my next Marten related blog post.
  8. It’s not shown up above, but if you really wanted to, you could make the separate document stores use a multi-tenancy strategy with multiple databases
  9. The Marten command line tooling is “multiple database aware,” meaning that it is able to apply changes or assert the configuration on all the known databases at one time or by selecting specific databases by name. This was the main reason the Marten core team did the separate document store story at the same time as the database per tenant strategy.

As I said earlier, we have a service registration for a fully functional DocumentStore implementing our IInvoicingStore that can be injected as a constructor dependency as shown in an internal service of our application:

public class InvoicingService
{
    private readonly IInvoicingStore _store;

    // IInvoicingStore can be injected like any other
    // service in your IoC container
    public InvoicingService(IInvoicingStore store)
    {
        _store = store;
    }

    public async Task DoSomethingWithInvoices()
    {
        // Important to dispose the session when you're done
        // with it
        await using var session = _store.LightweightSession();

        // do stuff with the session you just opened
    }
}

This feature and the multi-tenancy with a database per tenant have been frequent feature requests by Marten users, and it made a lot of sense to tackle them together in V5 because there was quite a bit of overlap in the database change management code to support both. I would very strongly state that a single database should be completely owned by one system, but I don’t know how I really feel about a single system working with multiple databases. Regardless, it comes up often enough that I’m glad we have something in Marten.

I worked with a client system some years back that was a big distributed monolith where the 7-8 separate windows services all talked to the same 4-5 Marten databases, and we hacked together something similar to the new formal support in Marten V5 to accommodate that. I do not recommend getting yourself into that situation though:-)

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